Aeroponic Dictionary

Gardening 101: Everything You Need to Know to Actually See Your Garden Grow. No matter what or how you're growing, there are some essentials gardening terms every gardener needs to know.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

A
Acidy Soil or 'Acidify'
Is soil that is hard and in between Ph level 1-5. Rhododendrons and blue hydrangeas these plants are ideal for acidy soil. Pretty soil is usually acidy.
Aerobic Composting
(with oxygen) decomposition and stabilization.
Aeroponics
A technique for growing plants without soil or hydroponic media. The plants are held above a system that constantly mists the roots with nutrient-laden water. Also called Aeroculture.
Albas
The Albas are one of the oldest races of roses; dating back as far as the 15th Century.
Alkaline Soil
Is soil that is soft and in between pH level 10-14. Clematises are plants that are ideal for alkaline soil conditions.
Anaerobic Composting
(without oxygen) decomposition.
Annual
A plant whose life cycle lasts only one year, for example a Stock.
Anther
Apart of the male sex organ at the top which holds the pollen. This collects all of the pollen.
Aquatic
A plant that grows in water with all or some leaves submerged, for example Water Lilies.
Aquatic Baskets
These baskets/pots are created out of a plastic mesh material. These are used for water plants or aquatic plants but can be used for bulbs.
Aromatherapy Plants
This group is mainly used for treatment and oils. Sometimes these plants can be edible for example certain varieties of mints and Bronze Fennel. The most commonly used aromatherapy plants are Eucalyptus, Ylang Ylang and Rose Otto.
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Balance Soil
This is from pH 6-8 which is neutral; balance meaning neutral soil.
Bare root
Bare root plants are plants shipped to the consumer without having been planted in soil, rendering them effectively dormant. Rose bushes are sometimes shipped as bare root plants, for instance.
Basal Growth
Growth at the base and stem of trees is called 'basal growth'.
Bedding plants
These plants are grown mainly for temporary or ornamental displays, for example Geraniums.
Biennial
A plant whose life cycle is only two years, for example a Digitalis.
Biodynamic
Biodynamic is a scientific way of restoring and regenerating the soil's fertility.
Browns
Are dry, hard materials such as wood chippings, dried leaves and other plants.
Bubbleponics
Bubbleponics is the art of delivering highly oxygenated nutrient solution direct to the root zone of plants. While Deep Water Culture involves the plant roots hanging down into a reservoir of water below, the term Bubbleponics describes a top-fed Deep Water Culture (DWC) hydroponic system. In this method, the water is pumped from the reservoir up to the roots (top feeding). The water is released over the plant's roots and then runs back into the reservoir below in a constantly recirculating system. As with Deep Water Culture, there is an air stone in the reservoir that pumps air into the water via a hose from outside the reservoir. The air stone helps add oxygen to the water. Both the air stone and the water pump run 24 hours a day.
Bulbil
An immature bulb that grows on some lily stems and allium heads.
Budding
A beginning to develop for example, flowering or fruiting.
Bulb
A bud that serves as a storage organ for the young plant. Usually underground, they have either fleshy or overlapping leaves, for example a Daffodil.
Bulb Fibres
They are actually old roots and new bud will develop out the entire surface area of the bulb.
Bulblet
Mini bulb that forms around a parent bulb. It reaches flowering size after a year or two.
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Cane fruit
This group of cultivated fruiting plants include those that do not produce permanently woody stems, and usually need to be trained to canes or wires. They include the brambles; blackberries and related fruits, and also gooseberries.
Casting Compost
This is where you compost by using wormerys.
Chalky Soil
The soil tends to be well drained, but the bedrock of solid chalk does hold on to moisture for those roots that reach it.
Clay Soil
This is the soil everybody hates. Clay soil I sticky when wet and rock hard when dry, simply because it has tiny particles that sticks tightly together.
Colchicum Bulb
Any of various bulbous plants of the genus Colchicum, such as the autumn crocus. The dried ripe seeds or corms of the autumn crocus, both of which yield colchicine.
Coleotile
Rice cold stress germination.
Common Herb
This group of cultivated herbs are used in cooking or adding to food such as soups and sauces. These herbs are mainly found in Britain and Europe, for example Parsley, Rosemary, Chives, Dill, Oregano and Sage.
Compact Herb
These herbs usually have small leaves because they came from mountains, for example Thyme. All of these herbs are used in cooking and can be eaten roar.
Compost
Well-rotten organic matter.
Compost tumbler or ‘Kemp’
This device holds compost, ‘greens’ and ‘browns’ and the user can turn the machine to add more oxygen to the compost so it can decompose more efficiently.
Composting
Is the natural process of decomposition and recycling of organic materials into a humus-rich soil amendment known as compost.
Conifer
An evergreen tree which usually has cones.
Containerized
Plants that have been planted and grown in containers.
Corm
Swollen stem base where food is stored. Unlike bulbs, corms do not have scales.
Cotyledons
Embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants. Soybeans, Sunflowers and Canola are broadleaf crops. All broadleaf crops are dicotyledons. What is a dicotyledon? Di means two and a cotyledon is a specialized leaf. As you can see, soybeans have two cotyledons. For broadleaf crops, the cotyledons are used for germination and early development of the plant.
Cross pollination
A mixture of pollen from different plants encourage artificially, creating a new plant.
Cultivar
A cultivated plant variety.
Cutting
A section of stem, root or leaf cut from a plant and encouraged to grow roots, to make a new plant.
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Damping down
Increasing humidity in a greenhouse by wetting the floors.
Dead-Heading
Removing dead flowers to encouraged new growth, for example Sweet Peas and Roses.
Deciduous
Plants and shrubs which lose their leaves before the winter, for example a Rose.
Deep Water Culture
The hydroponic method of plant production by means of suspending the plant roots in a solution of nutrient-rich, oxygenated water. Traditional methods favour the use of plastic buckets and large containers with the plant contained in a net pot suspended from the centre of the lid and the roots suspended in the nutrient solution. The solution is oxygen saturated from an air pump combined with porous stones. With this method, the plants grow much faster because of the high amount of oxygen that the roots receive.
Dibber
A small tool used to plant up seed or seedlings.
Display Herbs
This group of herbs are used for displays in gardens, hanging-baskets, pots and troughs. This group of herbs have large, colourful flowers that have strong aromas such as Lavender, but most of these herbs are not edible.
Double-nose bulb
This is a side shoot off a bulb that develops into a fully grown bulb, but is still joined to the parent bulb.
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Earthing- up
Hoeing soil up around plants, for example Potato crops, Leeks and Celery. This can also help to remove weeds.
Ebb and Flow Sub Irrigation
In its simplest form, there is a tray above a reservoir of nutrient solution. Either the tray is filled with growing medium and planted directly or pots of medium stand in the tray. At regular intervals, a simple timer causes a pump to fill the upper tray with nutrient solution, after which the solution drains back down into the reservoir. This keeps the medium regularly flushed with nutrients and air. Once the upper tray fills past the drain stop, it begins recirculating the water until the timer turns the pump off, and the water in the upper tray drains back into the reservoirs.
Ericaceous Compost
Compost that is high in nutrients and minerals or resembling plants of that family; consisting of heats.
Ericaceous shrubs
require an acid soil. This includes Azalea, Rhododendron, Pieris and most of the flowering broad-leaved evergreens.
Evergreen
A plant with leaves on it all year around, for example a Conifer.
Exotic
Plants introduced from another country.
Eye
A centre of a flower, fruit or vegetable.
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F1 Hybrids
F1 hybrid is a term used in genetics and selective breeding. F1 stands for Filial 1, the first filial generation seeds/plants or animal offspring resulting from a cross mating of distinctly different parental types.
Fat Ball
A ball full of seeds and nuts coated with oil that is fed to birds, most commonly The Blue Tit.
Fe
Iron - Component in the enzymes that make chlorophyll.
Fertilizer
A compound that contains nutrients, which is introduced to the soil to benefit all plants, for example Fish Blood and Bone Meal.
Fibrous Root
Hairy roots which take in the moisture and nourishment from the soil.
Flora
Vegetation
Formal Garden
A formal garden is comprised of designs beds and borders, and may be, as in the case of many old gardens, especially those of The Edwardian Era. These gardens are usually symmetrical.
Fruit
The seed of a plant, which can be edible, for example Apple and a Cherry.
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Genus (pl. genera)
Botanical classification that identifies groups of species with common characteristics.
Grafting
Another way of creating a hardwood plant, for example a rose or fruit tree.
Green Manure
Plants which are grown purely to dig into the soil to increase soil fertility.
Greens
Are fresh, soft moist materials such as grass cuttings and food scraps (avoid meats, fats and grease, as these attract rats and flies.
Ground Cover
Low plants that spread quickly to cover bare ground.
Ground Cover Plants
These plants are trained to grow on the ground as flat as possible. These plants grow along but they do not have much high.
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Habit
How a plant grows, for example climbing or creeping.
Half Hardy
Hardiness of plants is a term used to describe their ability to survive adverse growing conditions. It is usually limited to discussions of climatic adversity.
Hardwood cuttings
These are cuttings from woody plants for example in composting they would be ‘browns’.
Hardwoods
These woods grow very slowly and they are hard to grow, the most common hardwood d is the Oak. This source of wood is bad for the environment because it would take hundreds of years to replace them.
Hardy or ‘Hardies’
Which means they can survive winter outdoors.
Healing in
This is a way of temporarily storing trees and shrubs before they are planted permanently.
Heap Composting
This is where the composter creates a large pile of compost which then in turns decomposes more naturally.
Hedgerow
A line of bushes and sometimes trees.
Herbicide
A weed killer.
Hips
These are mainly from a rose; a hip is a pod full of a roses seeds.
Hoe
A garden tool used to kill weeds.
Horticulture
The science or art of cultivating fruits, herbs, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants, the cultivation of a garden. Hortus meaning Garden.
Hybrid
A plant which is a cross between different species, or varieties of plant.
Hybridisers
This is a person who makes hybrids.
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Improved Soils
Soils which have had nitrogen added by the use of fertilisers or manure.
Informal Garden
Informal gardens are usually designed more randomly with fewer symmetrical style beds, for example moon shaped beds.
In-the-green
Bulbs which are transplanted when they have leaves, such as Snowdrops.
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June Drop
A proportion of immature fruits which fall in early summer, the extent of which is affected by moisture levels.
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Kernel
A whole seed or the softer, edible part of a seed encased in a hard shell.
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Layering
Some plants can be tricky to propagate from cuttings but this can be overcome by encouraging roots to form while still attached to the parent plant. This usually happens in strawberries.
Leaching
Minerals in soil which are dissolved and washed away by rainwater.
Legume
Plants with seeds in pods, for example Peas, Beans and Lupins.
Loam
This soil occurs in parts of the country and has a balanced content of clay and sands particles, together with organic matter. This is the best kind of soil.
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Manure
Organic materials such as animal or plant matter, which acts as a fertiliser.
Meadow
Grass with wild flowers grown in it.
Mediterranean Herbs
This group of cultivated herb plants come from foreign countries just like tropical plants. These herbs are mainly used for helping pains, aches and other health issues, for example Fennel, various mints and Marjoram also these herbs are edible.
Medium
One of the most obvious decisions hydroponic farmers have to make is which medium they should use. Different media are appropriate for different growing techniques.
Mg – Magnesium
For strong and healthy growth.
Monocotyledon
Wheat, corn and grain sorghum are grassy crops and are monocotyledons. What is a monocotyledon? Mono means one and a cotyledon is a specialized leaf. For grassy crops, the cotyledon is used below ground as a shield for the emerging shoot. The endosperm also remains below ground and is the energy source for germination and early seedling development.
Mulch
A layer of well-rotten manure, compost, chipped bark or decorative chippings, placed around plants to help suppress weeds and retain moisture in the soil.
Mushroom Compost
It is sterilised so has no weeds and is made mainly or rotted chicken manure and straw. It is very health and beneficial to any garden.
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Nitrogen
It gives the plant a healthy deep green colour. It promotes stem and leaf growth and increases the protein content of edible plants.
Node
The place at which leaves and new shoots form.
Nose-Bud
This is a shoot that grows out from the stem. This usually occurs in roses.
NPK Formula
This just means the three main nutrients a plant needs Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K).
Nutrients
Plant food such as nitrogen and potassium.
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Organic
Term to describe substances produced from a living organism such as compost.
Ovary
This contains the developing seeds in the female sex organ.
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Phosphorus
Helps to provide the energy necessary for the plant.
Pastel Shades
This term means the use of light colours such as mint green, baby blue and lavender.
Peat-Based Soil
Soil that is based upon peat, peat is the best compost for your garden, although it harms the environment.
Peaty Soil
This oil is organically rich, springy earth that is rich in organic matter.
Peduncle
Stalk of a flower.
Perennial
Plant which lives for many years.
Pergolas
If a space allows, one of the most beautiful features is a pergola. This is basically a tunnel created from roses.
Petals
This attracts the insects like a sign post.
Petrochemical Pesticides
This is from 'industrial' farming, has a large fossil fuel input in the form of nitrogen fertilisers. This is a mass way of fertilizing fields and crops. This is a manmade way of feeding crops.
Phototropism
Adjustment in the Rate and Direction of Growth.
Pith
A soft sponge like central cylinder of the stems of most flowering plants.
Plumule
The rudimentary terminal bud of a plant embryo situated at the end of the hypocotyl, consisting of the epicotyl and often of immature leaves. Plumule means feather in Latin.
Pollination
The transfer of pollen grains onto a female stigma. Pollination can take place by gravity, insects, and wind or by hand.
Potash
a potassium compound often used in agriculture and horticulture.
Potassium
Plant growth and reproduction. Potassium plays a vital role in: Photosynthesis, Protein synthesis, Control of ionic balance, Regulation of plant stomata and water use Activation of plant enzymes
Preserves
A collection of fruit and vegetables kept for a certain day.
Primary Stem
These make up the original skeleton share of a plant and will produce later branches.
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Raised Bed
Bed contained by planks, walls, sleepers and raised by a few centre metres to allow for wheelchair gardening.
Ramblers
A climbing rose, generally of multiflora origin, that presents clusters of small blooms on long, slender canes.
Receptade
This is just another name for a hip.
Rhizome
Horizontal underground plant stem for example Iris or Lily-of-the-valley. Underground stem or a plant use as bearded Iris. Like a corm, it lacks scales and can be divided.
Rock Garden or Rockery
Well-drained garden with rocks and alpine plants.
Root Ball
A collection of roots from a plant or tree for example a Rose.
Run to Waste
In a run to waste system, nutrient and water solution is periodically applied to the medium surface. This may be done in its simplest form, by manually applying a nutrient-and-water solution one or more times per day in a container of inert growing media, such as rockwool, perlite, vermiculite, coco fibre, or sand. In a slightly more complex system, it is automated with a delivery pump, a timer and irrigation tubing to deliver nutrient solution with a delivery frequency that is governed by the key parameters of plant size, plant growing stage, climate, substrate, and substrate conductivity, pH, and water content.
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Sulphur
For making proteins; for healthy root growth.
Sandy Soil
This soil cannot hold water. For this reason sandy soil are usually hungry soils. You can sow hardy annuals in sandy soil and they will come up like a rash.
Scales
Layers in a bulb for example the Onion.
Scarification
Is when the seed coat is nicked, with a clean, shape knife to let water get into the seed.
Seed Coat
A layer that protects the seed.
Seedbed
An area prepared for sowing seeds. Seeds can be sown to a consistent depth, with good soil aeration and water penetration.
Self-Sown Plants
Plant which sow seeds successful without help.
Semi-ripe cutting
are sections of the current season’s growth that has begun to firm. The cutting base is quite hard, while the tip is soft.
Sepal
Part of a flower, usually green, that surrounds and protects the flower in bud. This protects the flower from bugs and weather.
Set
Flowers that have been fertilised and are developing fruit or seed.
Shrub
Branching perennial with woody stems.
Softwood cuttings
These are cuttings moist plants, for example like ‘greens’ in composting.
Softwoods
These woods grow very fast and easily grown, the most common softwood is the conifer. This source of wood is good for the environment because you can replace them quickly.
Style
Holds the stigma in the best position to receive the pollen. This is a part of the female sex organ.
Sucker
Any shoot that originates from the root; if the rose was budded, suckers should be removed.
Super Foods
A fruit or vegetable which contains a high concentration of nutrients and minerals, for example Blueberries and Pomegranate.
Sustainable
Resources that can be produced forever such as compost.
Synthetic Fertilizers
Manmade. Synthetic fertilizers are full of nutrients, in the short term help plant growth and health. Natural feeds such as compost are full of minerals and nutrients which lasts in the long term, helping plants to grow and health.
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Tap Root
The main part of the root system which transports nutrients to the plant.
Thigmotropism
Shift in direction of growth when contact occurs; Vines and Tendrils.
Tip Layering
A plant propagation technique in which only the stem tip is buried, used to reproduce a plant.
Top-dressing
Is a nutritious application that is spread on the surface of the soil or on top compost in containers.
Tree
Very tall, woody stemmed plant.
Truss
Cluster of flowers or fruit for example Tomatoes.
Tuber
Fattened storage root or underground stem.
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Union
The place where the branches and roots meet. This is the spot where the bud was originally placed and is therefore often ugly in appearance.
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Variegation
Leaves with two or more colours, usually white, cream or yellow for example Ivy.
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Zero Water
Zero Water is the leading water system used in Aeroponics and Hydroponics when looking for a perfectly pure water source. ZeroWater meets the FDA definition for TDS in purified bottled water. So you get purified-quality water without the high cost. ZeroWater unit, can cost as little as 50 cents per gallon to have purified-quality water.

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